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Can each of us be able to say exactly which book he read last? Many have read for so long, and do not remember what they have learned from this lesson. After graduation, many did not advance further in the ability to comprehend information.
But this is the most valuable commodity in the modern world. We will give a few tips that can teach you to read differently, using interesting techniques to do it more effectively.
Get used to reading. It is necessary to allow as much of the most diverse literature as possible into your life. This will make it quicker and easier to learn effective reading. You should start at least by developing the habit of reading at least half an hour a day. And in this matter, attention should be paid not only to the documents necessary for work. Let literature be useful for self-development, you can just read works of art. The more diverse literature there is in life, the better over time both working and educational materials will be perceived. Sometimes it happens that finding a convenient time to read is difficult. We are constantly in public, in noisy places. But the chosen schedule still needs to be followed. This will allow you to learn to focus on the material, regardless of external factors.
You need to choose the right pose. The posture in which the person is while reading is very important. An awkward body position can make it difficult to understand the material, making the process ineffective. A classic example is lying down. When the body is in a horizontal position, the body perceives this as a signal to rest. The brain begins to gradually relax. This directly affects the memorization of the text and its assimilation. So it's best to read either standing or sitting, with a straight back. This is how the maximum amount of oxygen enters the brain. This will make the text processing intensive. The optimal distance from the eyes to the text should be 30-40 centimeters. From such a distance, the gaze has to make minimal movements. As a result, your eyes will be less tired. This approach will also reduce the risks of visual impairment from constant reading.
When mastering the material, you need to stock up on energy. It is worth preparing for the fact that understanding complex material will require maximum concentration and intense mental work. However, it is not so easy to be constantly in good shape for four to five hours. You can solve the problem by making regular pauses - once every half hour or hour. These breaks should be devoted to physical exercise or light gymnastics. They will stimulate blood flow to the brain, which turns into a charge of vigor. After that, it's easier to work on the book further. A good way to improve work efficiency, and overall well-being, is push-ups and squats. There is another way to preserve strength during mental exercises - to occupy your hands with gymnastics. The simplest thing is to simply rub your palms as if they were soaping up. This should be done before a feeling of warmth appears. You can even see that some make such movements already involuntarily, rubbing their hands before signing important papers.
Choose a specific reading goal. Many people read books without even understanding why they are doing it and what they want to find in them. It is worth forgetting already about the school assignment "read all the books from the list for the summer." Here, as in any business, specific goals and actions for their implementation are good. If it is not clear to oneself why the clever book came into the hands, then after ten readings of it, nothing useful can be extracted from it. The goal should be constructive - you need to understand how the practical knowledge gained can be applied. At times, this can help eliminate the need to absorb a bunch of unnecessary material. If you quickly familiarize yourself with the contents of the book and its main parts, you may find that the information you need is only a couple of pages out of hundreds. How much time can you save!
You must first preview the material. Our memory has an interesting property. Thanks to him, even the most superficial acquaintance with the information helps in the future to perceive and remember it. Any experienced tourist, before going to an unfamiliar country, stocks up on maximum information and maps about his route. A rough plan of action and preparation for force majeure is an important component of a successful trip. When reading books, roughly the same principles work. After reading the table of contents and flipping through potentially important pages, memorizing the contents will go much easier, unnecessary data will be discarded. And all thanks to this amazing property of memory.
Take breaks to comprehend and remember the information read. When reading a book, you should not try to swallow paragraphs and pages as quickly as possible, even if the text is very exciting and useful. Reading in this mode will lead to the fact that after a few days it will not be possible to reproduce a single thought of the author. All that will remain is the memory that the book is interesting. But why - it is no longer even to remember. And in order for the information to be deposited in our long-term memory, it is worth using a technique called "Harvesting". It has several important steps. First, you need to learn to pause after each semantic piece or paragraph. You just need to look away from the text for a couple of seconds. You should try to present the read passage in the form of some kind of image or life situation. The information received, either silently or aloud, must be retelling. With the help of a pause, it will be possible to accentuate the meaning of the pieces, the image will help to remember the information, and the retelling will consolidate the result. To make a qualitative understanding of the information, the following steps should be taken. First you need to ask yourself how you can apply what you read in practice. With the help of visualization, it is necessary to present the situation of applying the acquired knowledge. If there is an opportunity to immediately implement this experience, then you need to do it immediately. But if you still need more time, then it is worth using another technique, "Sheet for implementation". To do this, take a piece of paper and write on it an idea that seemed interesting to us when reading. In this case, it is imperative to note from which page or place it was taken. Many books leave blank pages at the end just for notes. And when reading from electronic media, you can leave notes using various services.
Read the text carefully. Often, while reading the text, we catch ourselves thinking that we are thinking absolutely not about that. Before my eyes is a book about the intricacies of taxation, which forms the basis of the upcoming report, and ideas about a possible home renovation, about a vacation are spinning in my head. There is nothing surprising in this. We perceive the text much more slowly than our thinking acts. That is why while the information from words and sentences is coming to the brain, it needs to occupy itself with something. But for a better understanding of the text, it is worth taking care of getting rid of unnecessary thoughts and full concentration. The following technique will help with this. First you need to stop, take three deep breaths in a row, without exhaling. This will help the brain cleanse itself and help it get oxygenated. At the second stage, you need to exhale sharply. This will help you tune in to take action, allow you to focus and gather your strength together. At the third, final stage, it is necessary to say aloud the goal to be achieved by reading the text. This will load into the brain an understanding of what is happening. Now, while reading, distraction, although it happens, will still be much less. With this practice, you can learn how to operate at peak performance. And this applies not only to reading, but also to other activities.
Outline the material. If the book you are reading is your own, then do not hesitate to underline the necessary phrases. The strict censures of librarians and teachers no longer play any role, the book will not deteriorate from this. And in order to better remember the material and use it effectively further, you need to outline the main points of the text. First, it is worth highlighting an important thought, and then write it down in your own words. It does not hurt to familiarize yourself with the content before reading it and write it down on paper, and then supplement the list with the most valuable data from each section. So in just a couple of leaves it will be possible to place the main materials of the book. A collection of such abstracts will become a kind of repository of knowledge gleaned from books.
Draw wisdom from friends. Each of us has among our friends successful people who have achieved tangible results. An opportunity should not be missed to use their knowledge and experience. And you can start by making a list of those areas where these acquaintances are more successful than us. Next, you need to ask them how they were able to achieve this. It is likely that some books or courses helped them. Perhaps it is there that the answers to important questions, solutions to professional or family problems are hidden. But just reading a book is not enough, you still need to do it as carefully as possible, putting this knowledge into practice.
Make a list of useful books to reread. In order to effectively realize your goals and simply develop, it is sometimes necessary to re-read special books. After all, it was they who gave us a lot of smart and useful thoughts. It is worth collecting your own library of books on self-development and do not forget to replenish it. There is a chance that next time the book will give something new that will be in demand given the experience already gained. No wonder they say that a good book is akin to a wise person, communication with it will never get bored.