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Almost all ancient documents contain references to vampires. And how many ways to deal with them have been invented - these are garlic, and holy water, and silver bullets.
Were these bloodsuckers fictitious, or were there really terrible fanged creatures in the middle of the Middle Ages? It's difficult to say, but there are a few people left in history who are really considered vampires. Some of their deeds are unverified legends, and some are quite real facts.
You can talk for a long time about the nature of vampirism. It turns out that some of them lived not so long ago.
Count Dracula, he is Vlad the Impaler. This character is a classic vampire. The name Dracula comes to mind first when it comes to people who drink blood. And how many films have been made about him! In fact, Vlad Tepes is quite a historical character. This ruler of Wallachia was famous for his talents as a military strategist, as well as for extreme cruelty. Although Dracula is considered the most famous vampire, he still did not drink blood. But with the graph, it just flowed like a river. This is evidenced by at least his nickname "Tepes", which means "impaling on a stake." Vlad Tepes appeared in the town of Sighisoare in 1431. As a child, he was sent to the court of the Turkish Sultan as a hostage. Historians believe that it was there that the psyche of a young man broke down. In Turkey, Vlad often saw people being cruelly tortured. After his release at the age of 17, Vlad returned home, and soon became the ruler of all Wallachia. His fate was difficult - the count repeatedly lost his throne and recaptured it. Tepes received his nickname Dracula (Son of the Dragon) in honor of his father, who was in the elite Order of the Dragon. He wore a medallion with the image of a mythical creature and minted it even on coins. The legend of Dracula's cruelty is based on an anonymous German document, which told about the ruler's bloodthirstiness. It describes executions and tortures perpetrated by the count. Allegedly, Tepes constantly impaled his subjects and enemies. At the same time, the pieces of wood were not too sharp to prolong the agony of the victims up to 4-5 days. However, historians today doubt the veracity of such legends. And Vlad Tepes ended his life in battle, defending his state from the Turks.
Count Vargoshi. The Magyar chronicles bear witness to the atrocities of another count, who lived in Central Europe. They said that in the XIII century, this terrible man killed about a thousand innocent girls. The count turned out to be a real sadist and sexual maniac, having committed suicide during his next orgy. And Vargoshi was considered a vampire after his death. Legends say that 40 days after his suicide, seven female corpses were found in the courtyard of a local village church. The unfortunates had broken limbs and bitten through their necks. Some force knocked down and bent the church crosses. The unfortunate people apparently tried to find protection in the holy place, but they did not have time. The count was cursed and excommunicated, people even tried to destroy all memories of the sadist. It was said that Vargosha's corpse was covered with red ulcers, and his skin turned green. After the death of the count, his corpse was wrapped in silver and bronze chains, placed in a strong oak barrel, poured with boiling resin, again wrapped in chains and thrown into a deep well. Fearing the resurrection of the vampire, they poured more hot tin, water on top and closed it with a cast-iron plug. Aspen stakes were driven into the ground around the well. Only then did the surrounding residents breathe freely, but it was not there. Such measures, as it turned out, did not stop him. After the incident, the parishioners stopped checking the well. It turned out that the earth around him was blasted with a spiral like a huge plow. The aspen stakes were knocked down. There was no water under the cast-iron plug, and the frozen tin was torn to pieces. On the same day, the body of a priest was found in his own house. His neck was crushed by the very chain that wrapped the barrel. The priest's cross was melted, and a silver clot remained on his chest. A week later, there was a terrible thunderstorm in that area. The strongest lightning strike fell on the old castle of Count Vargosha. The element blew the vampire's dwelling to pieces. For 40 days, people then watched a strange glow over the ruins. Eyewitnesses said that it was the souls of the innocent victims who soared into heaven. For 400 years, rumors of a vampire have disturbed the entire district. Here people disappeared, Count Vargosha was blamed for everything. It is quite possible that his cruel activity caused a surge of negative energy in these lands, which after the death of the villain transformed into a bloodthirsty vampire.
Countess Elisabeth (Erzhebet) Bathory. At the beginning of the 17th century, a terrible story happened in Transylvania. Countess Bathory was charged with the murder of 650 innocent girls from neighboring villages. Allegedly, she painfully treated her victims - beat them, took them out naked in the cold, tortured with needles and a hot iron. The most popular legend has it that the Countess loved to take baths from the blood of her victims. She believed that such a procedure would rejuvenate her blood. Attacks of rage and anger were noted in Elizabeth as a child. After marriage, she took over all the affairs of the castle. Now no one prevented the countess from committing her atrocities. At first she tortured her servants; she liked the sight of blood and torture. Over time, the countess's beauty began to fade, then one witch taught Elizabeth how to prolong her youth. For this it was necessary to become a vampire and start drinking blood. In order not to lack material, the countess ordered to steal the village girls. For the time being, the authorities turned a blind eye to this, but over time Bathory began to kill already noble ladies. True, the proof of her guilt is also dubious. The trial proceeded swiftly, and the testimony of witnesses was knocked out by torture. The matter was largely political - the countess had powerful enemies who encroached on her land. The main evidence at the hearing was the diary of the bloodsucking countess. The court sentenced Elizabeth Bathory to life in prison. The Countess was walled up in the tower, leaving an opening for the transfer of water and food. Three years later, the jailer discovered the dead body of a female vampire. They say that after the death of Elizabeth Bathory became a real vampire, continuing her bloody activities. Locals say that at night you can hear the lingering groans of either new victims or not dead souls in their castle.
Heinrich Spatz, killer doctor. On the one hand, this doctor from the city of Würzburg was highly respected, was actively involved in charity work, and on the other hand, he had a very strange hobby. Spatz lived in Bavaria since 1818 with his wife. He left behind several works on infectious diseases and military field surgery. Suddenly, the doctor received a favorable offer from the University of Prague and left Würzburg, selling all his property. A month after Spatz's departure, his assistants began to tell the terrible truth about him. It turned out that a respected and respectable person actually turned out to be a real monster. The doctor, along with his wife, killed homeless vagrants, quenching his thirst for blood. The Spatz family turned out to be vampire. Shortly before they left the hospital for the poor, where the doctor worked, a one-armed soldier disappeared. The police launched an investigation and it turned out that there were quite a few cases of missing people. The police searched Spatz's former home and found 18 dismembered corpses in the basement. Beggars and sick people became victims of the maniac. It was not possible to find Doctor Spatz himself - he did not appear at the Prague University itself. Most likely, the vampire found out about the progress of the investigation and chose to hide, possibly using his supernatural abilities for this. A terrible fate awaited the informers themselves. One of them soon lost his mind - he rushed about, shouted blasphemy, prayed fervently. Then he left his family, became a recluse. The informer lived constantly in the dark, fearing sunlight. He began to eat pig blood, losing a lot of weight. As a result, the unfortunate man committed suicide, and in a suicide note blamed Spatz for everything. Another assistant also committed suicide after killing a relative. At the same time, they saw how he tried to drink blood from his victim. It turns out that both assistants became vampires. The authorities were never able to find Spatz himself. His identity has remained a mystery. Was it just a vampire, or a member of a satanic sacrifice practicing sect? Perhaps Heinrich Spatz turned out to be an ordinary pathologist who embarked on bold scientific experiments.
Fritz Haarmann. The whole world learned about this man in 1924 city. In the capital of Saxony, Hanover, in 1924 terrible crimes took place. The police found the remains of 24 people at the bottom of the river. The whole city was shocked and enveloped in fear, they started talking about a serial killer, and the most desperate even suggested the presence of a real vampire in Hanover! I must say that there were grounds for such a suspicion - there was practically no meat on the bones of the dead, it was thoroughly cleaned. Also, the internal organs disappeared somewhere. The police found out that all these crimes were committed by a certain Fritz Haarmann alone. The investigation lasted a month and a half. During this time, the maniac told how he bit his victims in the Adam's apple, and then gnawed the throat. Those simply did not have a chance to survive. After the murder, Haarmann dismembered the bodies, separating the meat from the bones and draining the blood into a bucket. Experts later found him to be quite mentally healthy and sane. It is unclear what made an ordinary person a maniac and a vampire. In 1925, Haarmann was executed by decapitation and his brain was transferred to the University of Göttingen for study.
James Brown. In the spring of 1866, the American whaling ship Atlantic was fishing in the Indian Ocean. The crew consisted of 30 people, relations between the sailors were strained - skirmishes and fights were commonplace. On May 23, James Foster stabbed Coke, 25-year-old Portuguese James Brown. The brawlers were separated by James Gardner and John Soares. It soon turned out that Foster and Gardner had disappeared somewhere. As a result, the whole team began to look for their comrades. The captain went down to the hold where barrels of whale oil were kept. There he discovered a terrible picture - James Brown bent over the lifeless body of Gardner and greedily drank blood from his throat. Foster's body was lying there too, already without blood. The captain ordered the sailors to grab the vampire and lock him in a closet. Upon examination, it turned out that huge wounds were made on the bodies of the victims with a knife. Obviously, Brown did indeed drink blood. Having pacified the team, the captain nevertheless delivered the killer to Boston. On November 13, 1866, a trial was held, which found James Brown in double premeditated murder. The death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment through the pardon of President Johnson. The killer was placed in Charleston Prison, Massachusetts. From the general cell, the pugnacious Brown was quickly transferred to a solitary one. Once a hardened criminal, also sentenced to life, was hooked up to him. And again the vampire showed himself - he killed the robber and sucked his blood. In 1889, Brown was transferred to an even stricter prison in Ohio. And then he rushed at the guards, trying to grab their throats. In the end, the authorities decided that Brown was simply crazy. He was referred to the National Psychiatric Hospital in Washington, DC. It is believed that it was there that the vampire eventually died in a soft cell. Only here in the archives there were no records of his death. In those days, the American press wrote that Brown was a real vampire, but went crazy due to the inability to drink further blood.
Roman Stropikaro. It’s probably fashionable among vampires to have the title of count. The name and activities of this man are inextricably linked with the village of Pokrovskoye, now Romanovo, as well as the old abandoned church, which has survived to this day. It was built in 1847 in honor of the Most Holy Theotokos at the expense of the merchant Vukol Kozovlev. And soon a visiting Count Roman Stropikaro settled in the village. He built a stone house that looked like a castle. In this fortress, a strange nobleman lived in seclusion. During the day, no one saw him, only at night he got into a carriage with a strange coat of arms and left somewhere. Silent hunched servants remained in the courtyard. Soon after the count was settled, the villagers began to notice that people began to disappear. At the same time, some disappeared without a trace, while others were found dead, with no apparent cause of death. Only now the bodies were pale, as if without blood. Then the inhabitants began to think that some strange disease, bites of wild animals, or strangulation were to blame. This continued until the son of one of the landowners came to Pokrovskoye, who started to investigate. The detective's conclusions turned out to be terrible - the traces of all the victims led to the vampire, who was quickly recognized as the strange and incomprehensible Count Roman Stropicaro who had come from. An excited and angry crowd of residents gathered near the Intercession Church. Led by the clergy and detectives, she went to the count's house to find out the whole truth and deal with the vampire. People began a siege of the house-fortress. It was getting dark and then the villagers saw how the shadow of the count slipped out from the back door and headed towards the abandoned fields. Half a kilometer from the house, the crowd overtook the vampire and beat him to death with sharp stakes. After that, Stropicaro's body was buried with all precautions, and the grave itself was razed to the ground. True, they said that instead of the count, his double was killed. In any case, the mysterious deaths of the peasants stopped immediately. Stropikaro's house was razed to the ground, and the village itself was renamed Romanovo in memory of those events. Today, excursions are conducted in mysterious places, there are even those who want to walk here at night, armed with an aspen stake.
Kane Presley. Usually vampires hide from the public eye, but this is a completely different case. A woman from El Paso, Texas, discovered strange inclinations in herself when she wrote the famous American book "There is something in the blood." Now Kane does not get tired of giving interviews, because everyone wants to talk with a real vampire. Moreover, according to her information, about eight thousand of her colleagues live in the United States. She herself admits that she did not want to become a star or an outcast at all. But now everyone around is wondering whether she has fangs and whether she sleeps in a coffin. People want this to be so, while Presley herself in every possible way emphasizes her image. The woman wears dark clothes, her pale face is framed by black hair, the figure is sophisticated, and the image is completed by bright red lipstick. Kane recalls that the need to consume some fresh blood every day came to her a long time ago. Now she needs a living red liquid like air. And to satisfy his need, Kane is given to men not for money, but for blood. At worst, she buys cow blood from a thrush.The woman was silent for a long time about her addiction, entrusting the secret only to her friends. One of them could not resist, having blurted out the secret of the vampire. Although many turned their backs on Kane, there were also those who supported her. With her publicity, Mrs. Presley tries to explain that she is tormented by a lust for blood, and not at all by the desire to kill. She drinks the blood of voluntary donors, cutting his arm, carefully sucking the fluid without stopping the vein. Kane says that she gets pleasure comparable to sexual, only much more intimate. And the men who give her blood become more attached to the vampire. Today, many letters come to Presley, and voluntary donors also write to her. However, there are also letters with threats.
Mercy Brown. This girl is considered the last true vampire in North American history. Tourists are taken to her grave, telling the mystical story of Mercy, who turned into a vampire after her death. At one time, the fight against vampires became for society a way of detente and destruction of the evil that plagued them from within. In the story with Mercy Brown, pulmonary tuberculosis became such an evil. In the 18th century, every fourth person died of consumption. Tuberculosis killed someone for years, and someone extremely quickly - in a matter of weeks. The symptoms of consumption gave reason to classify the sick as vampires. People lost weight, became pale, and the skin took on an unhealthy appearance. At night, the situation became especially difficult, fluid and blood accumulate in the lungs, breathing becomes heavy. In the latter stages, the patient may find blood on himself in the morning, which belongs to himself and not to the victims. That is why some experts believe that the emergence of stories about vampires is associated precisely with consumption. In the Brown family, Mercy's mother, Maria Brown, was the first to die of the disease in 1883. Then the eldest daughter, Maria Olive, died. His only son, Edwin, also fell ill. Mercy Brown died in 1892, her brother at that time was 19 years old. After his sister's funeral, Edwin got worse and worse. Medicine could not help the head of the family, George Brown, in his grief - he had almost buried his entire family. As a result, he turned to folklore. For some reason, he decided that it was Mercy who was the source of the trouble in the family. The man had read about how to kill vampires. George decided to dig up his daughter's body, burn her heart, and feed the ashes to his son. So Edwin was supposed to find health, and the family was to get rid of the curse. It turned out that in the coffin, Mercy's body was turned over. There was no doubt then that she was a vampire. And in her body they found liquid blood, which was mistaken for fresh. This was another argument in favor of the fact that the girl was sucking blood from her brother. True, forensic medicine can explain all this and natural causes. Be that as it may, the girl's heart was burned, and the ashes were eaten. True, Edwin died anyway after a couple of months. Already today, people are talking about seeing the ghost of Mercy in the form of a glow over her grave.
A vampire from Alnwick Castle. Quite reliable sources often testify to the appearance of vampires. This story became known thanks to William of Newburgh, a renowned medieval historian. It was this man who wrote The History of England, an important source on the country's history dating back to the 12th century. I must say that the work has always attracted attention to itself with multiple occult stories about elves, vampires and ghosts. The historian described an incident that happened during his lifetime. The owner of Alnwick Castle had an unpleasant person in his service. He was constantly angry and annoyed, especially because of his nervous wife. It remains unknown what exactly worried her. One day a man decided to observe his bedroom, climbing to the roof for this. However, the mistrustful husband broke loose, fell and died the next day. Since then, something went wrong in the city. Several people have died inexplicable deaths. People began to fear leaving their homes in the evenings. They said that a strange man was wandering the streets. As a result, a series of deaths were attributed to a vampire who settled here after his death. A local priest on Palm Sunday gathered a crowd of the most devout and active residents, going with them to the cemetery. People dug up the grave of that very evil man and found a body filled with fresh blood. The corpse was hit with a shovel, and it literally exploded with liquid. It was decided that this is the vampire. The body was taken to the city, where it was burned. The series of strange deaths was interrupted, and people remembered for a long time about the vampire from Alnwick Castle.