Personal illusions

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Personal illusions are perhaps the most complex type of erroneous or imaginary human perception of reality. This can be explained by the subjectivity of the assessment of objective reality, which is primarily associated with personal experiences and impressions (that is, something like the well-worn proverb "in taste and color ...").

Personal illusions include the emerging affective illusions created by a person under the influence of mood swings (even in cases provoked by the weather, seasons), anxious expectations, violent joy and fear. Psychologists very hard to distinguish an illusion from non-standard thinking and an extraordinary perception of the surrounding world, too much depends on the character of a person and his attitude to the world.

All personal illusions are directly related to the level of personality development, the degrees of mental protection of a person from stressful situations, egocentrism, including "pink" dreams, "wandering in the clouds", non-perception of someone else's and own experience, up to its complete denial ...

The physical world surrounding each person is a reality, an absolute reality that everyone feels, perceives, registers with the help of five senses. Theoretically, when faced with the same event in the external world, any person receives the same information through specific organs. But at the same time there is an unlimited (countless) many interpretations of this event.

There can be only one explanation for this - all reactions to events registered by the senses are determined by the person's "personal program", his special perception, in other words, any reaction is the result of the creation of a personal image and real perception by the "instruments" of registration.

And since there are as many personal programs as there are people, then there are countless opinions, interpretations of the same phenomenon or event. Therefore, it is simply impossible to say exactly which interpretation will be correct and real, and which one will be a personal illusion.

All illusions, from the point of view of psychology, refer to deceptions or errors of perception that arise both on the basis of a pathological disease and on the basis of erroneous perception in a healthy person. An illusion is just a mistake, a delusion, that is, an inadequate reflection of a perceived phenomenon or object and its qualities. A personal illusion is a deception of a personal (under the influence of character and the prevailing attitude towards life) influence on an event.

People with a mobile, vivid and imaginative imagination, more literate, well-read and educated people conjure up illusions in their imagination as projections of their fantasies unconsciously onto an objectively existing reality. The illusory distortion of the perception of reality is influenced by personal attitudes, prejudices (even religion) or semantic formations, in the light of which a person perceives, registers, processes and interprets, as a result, the world around him.

By the type of personal illusory preferences, psychologists determine a person's character, the state of his social status and self-esteem. Personal illusions determine the mental state of a person (the state of fatigue, agitation, character traits - narcissism, active enthusiasm).

An essential role in the emergence of self-hypnosis or the possibility of submission to someone else's opinion (suggestion) belongs to personal illusions, since they are an essential part of a person's mental activity, and not secondary mental effects. It is almost impossible to completely dispel the illusion in any way.

Personal erroneous opinions about anything are a part of a person's mental world, and always remain his constant personal illusions. Sometimes illusions can be a hindrance in the perception of reality, sometimes they contribute to the reconciliation of a person with reality (in case of trouble, deception, resentment, etc.).

In any case, illusions lead away from the awareness of reality, blurring the real picture with subjective personal ideas. To get rid of illusions, a healthy person needs to rely on clear and precise, dialectical thinking (the ability to think in opposites), which allows you to highlight the true reality. The difference between dogmatism and dialectics, that is, one-sidedness of thinking, consists not only in the generation of illusions of consciousness, but in the fact that it relies on them, which is almost always fraught with the generation of utopias.

From this point of view, it becomes clear the harm that fanatics or dogmatists can bring, not only being held captive by their personal illusions, but also striving to plant their opinions on others. Any manifestation of the struggle for power and influence of people "possessed" by their personal illusions can turn into a huge tragedy for those around them, as in the social environment the illusions of one fanatic can become the main component of the consciousness of many people. That is, in other words, personal illusions are not as harmless to others as, for example, vision illusions, etc.

The most insidious part of a personal illusion lies in a half-truth, that is, a phenomenon or an object, an object exists in reality, but its perception depends on an illusory distortion in a person's consciousness. If you build, according to all calculations, the correct building on a poorly laid foundation, it can fall, and the built perception on the wrong signal of consciousness, you can get an absolutely distorted picture of reality. And in such cases, a person can prove his innocence with foam at the mouth, and completely fail to understand the reason for the disagreement with him.

The unreal picture he built is taken by him as a dogma and creates a new imaginary reality. Moreover, the more his emotionality at certain moments, the stronger the personal illusion will be expressed. In such cases, one's own emotional state will become a "catalyst" for an illusory perception of reality. In this regard, there is always a danger for emotionally unstable people who have a tendency to a mobile and uncontrollable imagination, to be captured by their own illusions, and create their own imaginary and fictitious world.

There is a difference between personal illusion and the vivid imagination of a creative person. Imagination, as a rule, is limited by the presence of consciousness in subjective perception, and a person is quite able to realize its subjectivity, since imagination is directly related to the representation of a figurative nature, it can create something that is not in reality. However, at the same time, a person can be absolutely aware of the fact that an imaginary object (his image) exists exclusively in his inner consciousness.

Personal illusion creates a projection outside, onto an object, object, phenomenon, simply distorting the perception of a person, but in such a way that he is confident in the reality of his vision and perception of an object or phenomenon. An illusion can be compared to a curved reflective mirror, which, when reflected, distorts an object that in reality is not.

An interesting point is a person's recollection of an illusory picture that took place - in most cases, it does not differ from ordinary memories of real events.

The most unpleasant effect lies in the possibility of a mobile imagination, and a personal illusion of perception and an illusion of consciousness to completely master the mental apparatus, after which a person is completely captured by them. Personal illusions are a kind of pink or dark glasses through which events occurring in a person's consciousness are refracted and, looking through which, he incorrectly perceives the environment.

In principle, psychologists believe that personal illusions go through the whole life of every person, the only factor that prevents many from turning themselves into a person immersed in their own world, far from reality, is a rational attitude to oneself and one's illusory perceptions.

Some examples from life confirm the great danger for a person immersed in illusion. So, for example, the perception of such qualities as an extraordinary mind can be refracted in an illusory consciousness into "genius", the ability to think soundly and clearly, sometimes turns into the perception of one's own "I" as perfection.

Such erroneous self-esteem easily turns a person into a narcissistic egoist who does not completely recognize someone else's opinion. An outwardly attractive woman, easily imagines herself to be an unsurpassed beauty and demands an appropriate attitude from others. Personal illusions of their own "perfection" very often lead to the fact that a person finds himself in a funny, stupid, and more often - in a miserable position.

The most widespread personal illusions psychologists call despotism, taken for a principled attitude, vulgarity, passed off as wit, heightened sexuality, taking the form of a "pseudo-Juan." The saddest thing is that people who are subject to personal illusion imagine themselves just like that.

Concepts such as self-justification and self-aggrandizement, according to psychologists, are initially illusory in their essence. As a rule, this applies to alcoholics or beginner drug addicts. Through the fault of their illusory overestimation of their willpower, they lead themselves into a fatal drug or alcohol addiction, as they are sure that they can stop at any moment, which prevents them from simply consulting a doctor on time.

A heavy illusion of a personal nature is a person's confidence that he can do anything, taking on a heavy burden of responsibility (by the way, this also applies to gravity in the literal sense), he illusoryly believes that he has enough strength to cope with it. This usually leads a person to undermine his strength, both moral and physical.

Responsibility for everything that happens around a person also leads to another personal illusion - a hypertrophied feeling of guilt, in those cases (and they are quite frequent) when a person fails to solve someone else's problem. An illusory state of constant guilt can lead to disastrous consequences and develop into a mental illness - a "guilt complex".

In essence, all the complexes that a person can suffer from throughout life may have their origins in childhood personal illusions that a person could not dispel "outgrow" in adulthood. Most often, such cases can be when external unfavorable circumstances are connected to childhood illusions (death of loved ones, resentment of classmates, unsuccessful first love).

Illusions can be both with a plus sign and with a minus sign, that is, a person perceives himself as a constant "sufferer", an eternal victim, a loser, such people constantly need consolation and support. Many people perceive and, as ordinary "whiners", constantly grumbling "pestering". But in fact, the problem of such a person is much deeper, and lies in the plane of personal illusions.

Perceiving himself incorrectly, a person constantly reminds others of himself, if he considers himself a "great politician", he demands that everyone accepts his position. If he is sure that he is an expert and an unusually perceptive person, then being in captivity of his delusions, he illusoryly believes that communicating with someone brings great happiness to another person.

There are countless personal illusions, and most importantly, not every person agrees to break free from captivity. In such cases, a visit to a psychologist will bring nothing, except deep disappointment and confidence that the specialist is mistaken. Sometimes a person simply does not want to know the truth, as people tend to be afraid of the truth or responsibility.

Some people are quite content with self-deception and try to keep this perception of life from disappearing. Most often, false ideas about oneself, personal illusions help to live in peace, especially in cases where reality is impartial.

All this concerns exclusively personal illusions that arise in absolutely healthy people, a split personality, the perception of oneself as the personality of another person and other similar phenomena already belong to the field of psychiatry, and require special treatment from a specialist.

Watch the video: Master Shi Heng Yi 5 hindrances to self-mastery. Shi Heng YI. TEDxVitosha

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